Argentina believes that, taking into account its devastating power, the total elimination of weapons of mass destruction should be the priority of the efforts of the international community on disarmament.
Argentina advocates a balanced implementation of the three pillars of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT): nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear technology. Argentina has been active in both non-proliferation and in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
Argentina supports any measure aimed at promoting the complete elimination of nuclear weapons under the principles of transparency, irreversibility, and verification of nuclear disarmament measures. In that sense, it is an integral part of the first Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone in a densely populated geographical region, established by the Treaty of Tlatelolco.
Being the first Latin American country to operate a nuclear power, Argentina has a proved experience in the peaceful uses of nuclear technology. Argentina has successfully completed the process of reducing the use of highly enriched uranium in research reactors and bases its entire production of radioisotopes in low-enriched uranium. It also develops a responsible policy of international cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy and exports materials, equipment and nuclear technology according to the guidelines of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
As a member state of the five regimes of export controls: Australia Group, Zangger Committee, Nuclear Suppliers Group, Wassenaar Arrangement and Missile Technologies Control Regime, Argentina has expressed its full commitment to non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Argentina also promotes, through training programs, the implementation of Resolution 1540 (2004) of the Security Council, the cornerstone of the global architecture of non-proliferation.
Argentina is convinced that greater transparency in armaments, as sought through the provision of information to the Register of Conventional Arms of the United Nations, increases confidence, promotes stability and helps States to exercise restraint in their transfer policies.
In this regard, Argentina actively participates in the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its aspects and is part of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). In addition, Argentina presents every two years, a draft resolution for consideration by the First Committee on "Information on confidence-building measures in the field of conventional arms". Since the adoption of the first resolution on this subject in 2004, States voluntarily provide information to the United Nations on measures taken on confidence-building, thereby contributing to international peace and security.